If you"ve ever taken a second language class, you"ve heard a lot about conjugated verbs and verb conjugations. In short, a conjugated verb is a verb that has been altered from its base form; but, as with all things aviarus-21.com-related, it"s a little more complicated than that. Let"s take a look at how verbs are conjugated and the different things they communicate when they are.
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Defining a Conjugated Verb
Conjugated verbs are verbs which have been changed khổng lồ communicate one or more of the following: person, number, gender, tense, aspect, mood, or voice. Those will be explained in detail in just a moment: but first, here"s an example of the irregular verb "break" conjugated in several different ways.
Present tense tells us what is happening at the current moment. There are three main present tenses: present simple, present progressive (continuous), & present perfect.
Present Progressive sầu
I am breaking
I have broken
you are breaking
you have sầu broken
he, she, it breaks
he, she, it is breaking
he, she, it has broken
we are breaking
we have sầu broken
Past tense indicates that an action has already occurred, and is no longer occurring. Past simple, past progressive sầu, & past perfect are the main past tenses.
I was breaking
I had broken
you were breaking
you had broken
he, she, it broke
he, she, it was breaking
he, she, it had broken
we were breaking
we had broken
Future tenses tell us that something will happen in the future. The main future tenses are future simple, future progressive sầu, & future perfect.
I will break
I will be breaking
I will have broken
you will break
you will be breaking
you will have broken
he, she, it will break
he, she, it will be breaking
he, she, it will have sầu broken
we will break
we will be breaking
we will have broken
As you can see, each different conjugation changes "break" from its base khung to lớn tell us when và by whom the action takes place. Conjugated verbs give sầu us a lot of information!
Conjugated Verbs Communicate
A verb conjugation can communicate a lot of detail about a verb. When a verb is conjugated properly, it can tell us:who is performing the actionhow many people are performing the actionthe gender of the person performing the action (not in English)when the verb is happeningwhether the action is still happening
Conjugated verbs also tell us about the sentence’s mood and voice, which is important for reader comprehension. Take a look at the different ways conjugated verbs help writers communicate.
It"s a bit redundant in English because we almost always state a subject explicitly in our sentences, but still, our conjugated verbs often go with specific subjects. For example, "am" is a present tense conjugation of the verb "be," & it is the form that goes with the subject "I." Using "I" (or "we") also indicates that the speaker is speaking in first person as opposed khổng lồ second person ("you") or third person ("he," "she," "it," "they").
It is clearer in other languages, but conjugated verbs in English can also sometimes tell us something about how many people are participating in the action of the verb. This is called subject-verb agreement.
For example, singular subjects (he, she, it) in the present simple tense have an "s" added lớn them when conjugated:He sings.She reads.It rains.
Plural subjects (you, we, they) vì chưng not have sầu an "s" on the end:You sing.We read.They play.
English is a little tricky here because "you" can be singular or plural, but in other languages, the differentiation between singular & plural subjects is very clear in the conjugated verb endings.
In some languages, though not English, conjugated verbs can indicate the gender of the subject. Languages that use gender in their conjugation include Russian, Tamil, Arabic, Hebrew, và Bantu languages. Romance languages, such as Spanish, French and Italian, use grammatical gender in their nouns but not their verb conjugations.
The verb tense indicates the time at which the action of the verb takes place. Past tense verbs, for example, tell us that the action took place in the past. Present tense indicates the action is happening at this very moment, or that it happens regularly in the present state of things, or that it is true up lớn the present moment.
The aspect of a verb tells us the degree to which it is completed. There are continuous (or progressive) aspects that tell us the action is in progress, there are perfect aspects that tell us the action is complete up lớn a certain point in time, and there are simple aspects that are just that: simple.
Examples of different aspects include:present simple - I bake.present progressive sầu - I am baking.present perfect - I have sầu baked.
The action is the same, but the conjugation lets us know whether the baking is still happening or has already happened. Present, past và future tenses each have sầu four possible aspects.
The sentence mood is lượt thích the purpose of the sentence in which a verb is used. The stative sầu (or indicative) mood, for example, is used to make a statement. The interrogative mood is for questions, and the conditional mood is for sentences that pose possible scenarquả táo & the outcomes that depkết thúc on them. The imperative sầu mood gives commands or instructions, and the subjunctive mood creates hypothetical situations.
For example:stative mood - Juan did his homework.interrogative mood - Has Juan done his homework?conditional mood - Juan should do his homework or he’ll fail the class.imperative sầu mood - Do your homework!subjunctive sầu mood - If I were Juan, I would do my homework.
You"ve sầu probably heard people talk about active and passive sầu voice. In active voice, the verb indicates that the subject of the sentence is the one doing the action. In passive sầu voice, the subject is the recipient of the action done by someone/something else.
Know How lớn Conjugate Verbs
A conjugated verb is a well-explained verb. Conjugating verbs correctly helps readers underst& what you’re talking about. For more information about conjugating verbs, kiểm tra out a helpful danh sách of rules for conjugating verbs properly.