aviarus-21.com (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its ayên ổn is to lớn ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals và plants does not threaten the survival of the species.

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aviarus-21.com was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of IUCN (The World Conservation Union). The text of the Convention was finally agreed at a meeting of representatives of 80 countries in Washington, D.C., United States of America, on 3 March 1973, and on 1 July 1975 aviarus-21.com entered in force. The original of the Convention was deposited with the Depositary Government in the English, French and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic. The Convention is also available in Chinese and Russian.

Download the aviarus-21.com Brochure here.


Widespread information about the endangered status of many prominent species, such as the tiger and elephants, might make the need for such a convention seem obvious. But at the time when the ideas for aviarus-21.com were first formed, in the 1960s, international discussion of the regulation of wildlife trade for conservation purposes was something relatively new. With hindsight, the need for aviarus-21.com is clear. Annually, international wildlife trade is estimated to be worth billions of dollars and to lớn include hundreds of millions of plant & animal specimens. The trade is diverse, ranging from live animals & plants to a vast array of wildlife products derived from them, including food products, exotic leather goods, wooden musical instruments, timber, tourist curgame ios và medicines. Levels of exploitation of some animal and plant species are high & the trade in them, together with other factors, such as habitat loss, is capable of heavily depleting their populations and even bringing some species cthảm bại to lớn extinction. Many wildlife species in trade are not endangered, but the existence of an agreement to lớn ensure the sustainability of the trade is important in order to safeguard these resources for the future.

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Because the trade in wild animals và plants crosses borders between countries, the effort to regulate it requires international cooperation lớn safeguard certain species from over-exploitation. aviarus-21.com was conceived in the spirit of such cooperation. Today, it accords varying degrees of protection khổng lồ more than 37,000 species of animals and plants, whether they are traded as live specimens, fur coats or dried herbs.

aviarus-21.com is an international agreement khổng lồ which States & regional economic integration organizations adhere voluntarily. States that have sầu agreed lớn be bound by the Convention ("joined" aviarus-21.com) are known as Parties. Although aviarus-21.com is legally binding on the Parties – in other words they have lớn implement the Convention – it does not take the place of national laws. Rather it provides a framework khổng lồ be respected by each Party, which has khổng lồ adopt its own domestic legislation to lớn ensure that aviarus-21.com is implemented at the national màn chơi.

For many years aviarus-21.com has been ahy vọng the conservation agreements with the largest membership, with now 183 Parties.

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