Read the following passage và mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to lớn each of the questions from 31 lớn 38.

Let children learn khổng lồ judge their own work. A child learning to lớn talk does not learn by being corrected all the time. If corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thous& times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around hlặng use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language lượt thích other people’s. In the same way, children learn all the other things they learn lớn bởi without being taught – lớn talk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle – compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, & slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give sầu a child a chance lớn find out his mistakes for himself, let alone correct them. We vì chưng it all for hyên ổn.

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We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to hlặng, or correct it unless he was made lớn. Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let hyên ổn bởi vì it himself. Let hlặng work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.

If it is a matter of right answers, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to lớn help the child when he tells us that he can’t find the way to get the right answer. Let’s kết thúc all this nonsense of grades, exams, và marks. Let us throw them all out, & let the children learn what all educated persons must someday learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to lớn know what they know or vì chưng not know.

Let them get on with this job in the way that seems most sensible to lớn them, with our help as school teachers if they ask for it. The idea that there is a toàn thân of knowledge to be learnt at school và used for the rest of one’s life is nonsense in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as ours. Anxious parents and teachers say, “But suppose they fail to lớn learn something essential, something they will need to get on in the world?” Don’t worry! If it is essential, they will go out inlớn the world and learn it.

Câu 1: What does the author think is the best way for children to learn things?

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